“Geography is, to my mind, a subject of high educational value; though not because it affords the means of scientific training. Geography does present its problems, and these of the most interesting, and does afford materials for classification; but it is physical geography only which falls within the definition of a science, and even that is rather a compendium of the results of several sciences than a science itself. But the peculiar value of geography lies in its fitness to nourish the mind with ideas, and to furnish the imagination with pictures. Herein lies the educational value of geography.” (Home Education, p. 271-72)


Like all other subjects, knowledge of geography must start concretely; through being out in nature. Take your child on hikes to various biomes and geographical areas. Continue to explore and learn abour the geographical regions in your area as part of nature study.
Children are given a broad look at the world starting with their own country. The focus is on world cultures and how children live in different countries. Mapmaking and map questions are started in the sceond year.
America (or the child's resident country) and its geographical regions are studied in detail for the next three years. More advanced geography object lessons are now started. Continue with map questions each lesson.
Children learn about the geography of their continent, region by region (or country by country). Additionally, they read more about the relationship between physical geography and nature.
The next four years are dedicated to learning in-depth about the countries of the world and their geographical landmarks. Students take note where current events take place, continue to answer map questions, and find relationships between historical and current events and geography.



Nature hikes (“geo-trots”) are an afternoon occupation.  Here are some things to visit and point out to children as you walk:

  • Natural landmarks and formations (rivers, lakes, mountains, valleys)
  • Weather: including clouds, rain, hail, snow, wind.
  • Directions: north, south, east, and west (and where the sun rises and sets)
  • Position of sun during different times of the day and seasons.


Read the geography reader for your child’s level and ask for narration afterwards. In addition to a geography reader, the family may want to watch documentaries together, Netflix, Disney +, Discovery, and BBC are great sources. Some of our favorites are:  Dangerous Ways to School, Human Planet, Planet Earth, North America, America’s National Parks, Europe From Above (also Asia and Latin America). 


Charlotte Mason had a unique way of presenting a map to the children. She asked map questions to the child before each lesson in their Geography Reader. By asking questions about a region they’ll encounter in the lesson that day, your child directs his gaze and intentionally takes in the features of the land, both its physical and political properties. Simply place the map before your child and ask six questions, one at a time, while your child finds the answer on the map. 

Study the resources below to learn more about teaching geography.